Glossary beginning with C

Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.
Case number

A number assigned to a case that is on every paper filed in the case

Certified copy

A document sworn to be true by the circuit clerk stamping it

Certified mail

A document delivery service that sends you a receipt as proof that the documents were delivered

Child support

Money paid by a parent to help another parent support a minor child or children

Child support order

A decision by a court telling a parent to pay child support

Circuit clerk

The office that takes care of files and documents for court cases

Circuit court

The lowest level of court in Illinois

Citation to discover assets

An order from the court for a person to come to court to be questioned under oath about how much money they have and property they own

Civil cover sheet

A form filed by the plaintiff with the complaint at the start of a lawsuit

Civil procedure

Rules you must follow when you're participating in a lawsuit

Claimant

A person who demands something from another individual

Co-payments

Money paid for health care in addition to what the insurer pays

Codefendant

A person who is charged with the same crime or sued in the same case

Cohabitants

People who live together

Collateral

Property you promise to give up if you don’t repay a loan

Compensation

Payment for work done or damage suffered

Complainant

Another word for plaintiff or a person that files a lawsuit

Complaint

A written statement to start a lawsuit that says what the defendant did

Compulsory

Required

Consent

When someone gives permission for someone else to do something

Consent foreclosure

An agreement for land to be foreclosed or sold by the lender

Consortium

The duties and rights involved in marriage

Contempt of court

When someone violates a court order or disrespects the court

Contested case

When both sides to a case present opposing arguments and evidence

Contingent fee

When a lawyer is paid from the money their client won or recieved

Continuance

When the judge delays the trial or hearing

Contributory negligence

When someone's own acts resulted in them being harmed

Conviction

When someone is declared guilty of a crime by a court

Cosign

To sign a loan with another person and share the responsibility that it will be paid back

Cotenants

Two or more people renting the same property

Counsel

Another name for a lawyer

Counterclaim

A claim brought by a defendant against a plaintiff

Court costs

The fees for going to court, including filing, serving, and getting transcripts

Courtesy copies

A copy of a document given to the judge

Creditor

Someone who is owed money