Glossary beginning with C

Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.
Case number
A number assigned to a case that is on every paper filed in the case
Certified copy
A document sworn to be true by the circuit clerk stamping it
Certified mail
A document delivery service that sends you a receipt as proof that the documents were delivered
Child support
Money paid by a parent to help another parent support a minor child or children
Child support order
A decision by a court telling a parent to pay child support
Circuit clerk
The office that takes care of files and documents for court cases
Circuit court
The lowest level of court in Illinois
Citation to discover assets
An order from the court for a person to come to court to be questioned under oath about how much money they have and property they own
Civil cover sheet
A form filed by the plaintiff with the complaint at the start of a lawsuit
Civil procedure
Rules you must follow when you're participating in a lawsuit
Claimant
A person who demands something from another individual
Co-payments
Money paid for health care in addition to what the insurer pays
Codefendant
A person who is charged with the same crime or sued in the same case
Cohabitants
People who live together
Collateral
Property you promise to give up if you don’t repay a loan
Compensation
Payment for work done or damage suffered
Complainant
Another word for plaintiff or a person that files a lawsuit
Complaint
A written statement to start a lawsuit that says what the defendant did
Compulsory
Required
Consent
When someone gives permission for someone else to do something
Consent foreclosure
An agreement for land to be foreclosed or sold by the lender
Consortium
The duties and rights involved in marriage
Contempt of court
When someone violates a court order or disrespects the court
Contested case
When both sides to a case present opposing arguments and evidence
Contingent fee
When a lawyer is paid from the money their client won or recieved
Continuance
When the judge delays the trial or hearing
Contributory negligence
When someone's own acts resulted in them being harmed
Conviction
When someone is declared guilty of a crime by a court
Cosign
To sign a loan with another person and share the responsibility that it will be paid back
Cotenants
Two or more people renting the same property
Counsel
Another name for a lawyer
Counterclaim
A claim brought by a defendant against a plaintiff
Court costs
The fees for going to court, including filing, serving, and getting transcripts
Courtesy copies
A copy of a document given to the judge
Creditor
Someone who is owed money